Energy Drinks are heavily marketed to young people, however they do not provide health benefits. In fact, they provide high levels of stimulants and sugar.
The stimulant effect of energy drinks comes from additives such as caffeine and guarana (a caffeine containing compounds), sugars, B vitamins, tea extracts, taurine and ginseng – just to name a few. These may be natural or artificial compounds, however regardless of their source they still have an unnatural stimulatory effect on the body to make us feel more awake and alert for a short period of time. For adolescents especially, care should be taken to limit or avoid consuming energy drinks.
There is no safe amount of caffeine that can be consumed for those under the age of 18 years and these beverages can cause irritability, upset sleeping patterns, frequent urination, faster heart rate, increased body temperature, bedwetting and an upset stomach.
Longer term over consumption of caffeine containing foods or drinks can cause:
- Osteoporosis (thinning of the bones),
- Cardiovascular problems,
- Heartburn, ulcers,
- Insomnia (trouble sleeping),
- Anxiety and depression.
Selecting healthier drink options is highly recommended for teens, water should be the go to drink of choice
Water is free from the tap, rehydrates the body, helps to clean the mouth and contains fluoride which helps to protect our teeth.
- Caffeine Factsheet [Positive Choices]